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Tag: Social/Environmental/Economic Determinants of Health

How Levels of Engagement in Work, Volunteering & Caregiving Affect Well-Being

A recent study in The Gerontologist examined how psychological well-being is impacted by different types of engagement in productive activities, such as paid work, family caregiving, and volunteering. The study looked at this relationship for 330 adults in both middle and late life (ages 50 to 83, with an average age of 62), and examined what levels of engagement were associated with...

Does How You Retire Affect Your Satisfaction with Life?

There are a number of routes to retirement, both voluntary and involuntary, and involuntary retirement can be for either organizational or health reasons. Recently, researchers in Denmark examined the relationship between different types of retirement and retirees’ satisfaction with life. In their study of workers in Dutch multinational corporations and the Dutch government, they...

A Closer Look at Widowhood and Depression

Prior research has shown that the experience of widowhood differs for men and women. Following widowhood, women are more likely than men to suffer economic strains and to receive social support from their children. On the other hand, men are more likely to have difficulties handling household tasks that had been previously done by their wives. However, it has not been clear whether...

What Factors Affect a Widow or Widower’s Risk of Death?

Widowhood has been known to increase the probability of dying for the surviving spouse, but many questions remain about the reasons for this greater risk of mortality. A recent study of data from the Health and Retirement Study attempts to look at explanations for this association, as well as which factors might be associated with variations in the risk of mortality among those who...

Research Reveals Many “Hidden” Positive Impacts of Caregiving

A recent literature review suggests that the effects on caregiving on informal, unpaid caregivers need to be reappraised. Much of the literature on caregiving emphasizes physical and psychological distress to caregivers, which has come to be viewed as an inevitable outcome of caregiving. This negative assessment of caregiving extends from peer-reviewed academic articles to agency...

Influences on Caregivers’ Self-Perceived Ability to Provide Individualized Care

Individualized care (also referred to as person-centered care, consumer-directed care, and self-directed care) takes into account resident individuality, includes resident participation in decision-making processes, and provides a holistic approach to wellness. However, providing individualized care can be a resource- and energy-intensive process for long-term care staff. Such...

Hurricane Evacuation: Its Impact on Nursing Home Residents with Dementia

Natural disasters challenge any organization that must put evacuation plans in place to move those who are vulnerable. Recent research suggests that those with dementia may be particularly susceptible to the impact of evacuation. Researchers fromUniversityofSouth Florida’sSchoolofAging Studiesfound that evacuation contributed significantly to increased rates of hospitalization,...

Air Pollution & Cognitive Decline

Researchers who study cognitive decline are working to identify modifiable risk factors and other ways of reducing or delaying dementia. Epidemiological research has suggested that a high rate of exposure to airborne particulate matter (PM), or air pollution, is associated with decreased cognitive function. It has been unclear whether this is directly due to pollution or to other...

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