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Tag: dementia care

Bilingualism Delays Onset of Single-Domain aMCI

Researchers have provided further evidence that bilingualism may contribute to cognitive reserve and delay the onset of dementia of the Alzheimer’s type (DAT). A study published in the Journals of Gerontology Series B focused on the association between bilingualism and amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI)—the common transition stage between normal aging and DAT. Specifically,...

Hearing Loss Is Linked to Cognitive Decline

A forthcoming study in the Journal of the American Medical Association Internal Medicine found that hearing loss was associated with accelerated cognitive decline in a sample of community-dwelling older adults. This longitudinal study (in which observations are repeated at different points over time) builds on earlier cross-sectional studies (in which observations are made at one point...

Midlife Cardiovascular Fitness Associated with Decreased Dementia Risk

There is a high priority on identifying preventive behaviors that can reduce rates of Alzheimer’s Disease and other dementias. Non-medical interventions to prevent or delay dementia onset may have tremendous impact on quality of life and the reduction of health care costs. While research suggests that maintaining cardiovascular health may be the most promising way to reduce dementia...

Potential Approaches to Early Detection of Alzheimer’s Disease

The current Journal of the American Medical Association reported some recent developments in the early detection of Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) presented at the 2012 annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience. These initial findings will require further research and review, but may eventually point to improvements in the assessment and treatment of AD. Researchers at the National...

Dementia & Cognitive Reserve in Middle-Income Countries

Studies have reported that countries with lower- and middle-to-average incomes have lower rates of dementia than those in the wealthiest parts of the world. These findings might occur for several reasons, such as higher life expectancies in wealthier countries, but also may be a result of under-diagnosis. A recent study published in The Lancet used an alternate criteria for dementia...

Light, Sound, & Other Environmental Factors Influence Quality of Life in Dementia

Both the culture change and person-centered care movements have led to an increased emphasis on quality of life and other resident-focused outcomes in dementia care. While attention to the delivery of personal and medical care plays an important role in person-centered care, recent research has identified the importance of environmental elements—such as temperature, light, and...

A Closer Look at Aging & Cognitive Decline

Population studies of aging and cognition reveal that age appears to be associated with cognitive decline. In other words, as a population ages, the average cognitive ability of the population will decline. However, on an individual level, there is tremendous variation in cognitive change. An analysis of the large-scale Religious Orders Study supports the hypothesis that cognitive...

Cognitive Training May Improve Memory Function in Late-Life Depression

Late-life depression is a significant risk factor for dementia. Cognitive impairment, including memory impairment, is one effect of depression, which can also lead to further risk factors like inactivity and self-isolation. Cognitive training (CT) is a category of interventions based on neuropsychological theory that is used to improve cognition by improving the physical health of the...